Chemical elements
  Nitrogen
    Isotopes
    Energy
    Nitrogen Cycle
    Production
    Application
    Physical Properties
    Chemical Properties
      Nitrogen Chloride
      Nitrogen Iodide
      Monochloramine
      Nitrosyl Fluoride
      Nitrosyl Chloride
      Nitrosyl Bromide
      Nitryl Fluoride
      Nitryl Chloride
      Di-imide
      Nitramide
      Nitrohydroxylamine
      Hyponitrous acid
      Nitrous Oxide
      Nitric Oxide
      Nitrogen Trioxide
      Nitrogen Tetroxide
      Nitrogen Pentoxide
      Nitroso-nitrogen Trioxide
      Nitrous Acid
      Pernitric Acid
      Sulphur Nitride
      Pentasulphur Dinitride
    Ammonia
    Hydroxylamine
    Hydrazine
    Azoimide
    Nitric Acid

Nitramide, H2N-NO2






Nitramide, H2N-NO2 or HO-NH-NO, is prepared by splitting off the organic radicals from some nitramines, R2N-NO2. Nitrourethane, NO2-NH-CO-OC2H5, is treated with ammonia in ethereal solution, the ammonium salt is decomposed with potassium hydroxide in methyl alcohol, the precipitated potassium salt is washed with alcohol and dried in a desiccator. It is then hydrolysed with a mixture of ice and some concentrated sulphuric acid:

NO2-NH-CO-OH + H2O = NO2NH2 + H2O + CO2.

It is a white crystalline solid, soluble in water, alcohol, and ether, but not in hydrocarbons. It melts with decomposition above 72° C. The molecular weight in water is 61, The solution reacts slightly acid, but the degree of dissociation as determined by conductivity measurements is very low.

It is instantly decomposed by alkalies, giving N2O and H2O. Salts are unknown, with the exception of the mercuric salt, HgN2O2.


© Copyright 2008-2012 by atomistry.com